Arduino Pressure Sensor Tutorial | MPS20N0040D


This site has built up several tutorials on how to measure almost anything. Now, we add to that list an Arduino pressure sensor featuring the MPS20N0040D and the HX710B Analog-to-Digital IC.

In a Rush: Wiring the Pressure Sensor to Arduino

The pressure sensor conveniently sends out pulses according to the pressure data it reads. A clock pin provides timing for that data, like other synchronous protocols. Note that you can use any Arduino digital pin for the clock and data pins. Moreover, the Arduino’s 5V is enough to power the sensor module:

Arduino pressure sensor wiring

No library specific for this pressure sensor exists but you can use the same HX711 library for weight sensors. The HX711 and HX710B are both 24-bit analog-to-digital converters and provide the same pulse outputs. However, the original HX711 library gives out raw ADC values, not pressure. Hence, I decided to create my library that gives the output in Pascals, mmHg, atm, and psi.

You can clone/download the library on this page and place it directly in the Documents/Arduino/libraries folder.

Here’s an example sketch that displays the pressure in pascals in Serial Monitor:

#include "HX710B.h"

const int DOUT = 2;   //sensor data pin
const int SCLK  = 3;   //sensor clock pin

HX710B pressure_sensor; 

void setup() {
  pressure_sensor.begin(DOUT, SCLK);

void loop() {

  if (pressure_sensor.is_ready()) {
    Serial.print("Pascal: ");
    Serial.print("ATM: ");
    Serial.print("mmHg: ");
    Serial.print("PSI: ");
  } else {
    Serial.println("Pressure sensor not found.");


Want to learn more about how the pressure sensor works? Read on below.

In-Depth: How the MPS20N0040D Pressure Sensor Works

The MPS20N0040D measures the air or liquid pressure in its opening.

MPS20N0040D Arduino pressure sensor front

MPS20N0040D Arduino pressure sensor back MPS20N0040D Arduino pressure sensor dimension

Bridge Circuit

The MPS20N0040D pressure sensor is a bridge circuit where one of the bridge elements is a pressure-sensitive resistor.  A source voltage is applied to the bridge at points 2 and 5 and output is measured at points 1 or 6, and 4.

MPS20N0040D wiring - arduino pressure sensor

The voltage output at points 1 or 6 and 4 is calculated using this formula:

arduino pressure sensor - calculating bridge voltage

You’ll notice that when all resistor values are equal, Vout is zero. A bridge with all resistor values equal is known as a balanced bridge.

Let’s say each resistor in the bridge is 10 ohms. Then the voltage output, for a 5V input, is:

When pressure is applied, one of the resistances in the bridge changes value. This unbalances the bridge and Vout is no longer zero.

Let’s say that because of the pressure, R1 changed from 20 ohms to 10 ohms. The value Vout then becomes

A 10-ohm change is a bit generous; in reality, the change in resistance is often very small. This corresponds to the voltage from the sensor Vout also being very small, way below the sensitivity of the Arduino’s ADC. Hence, there’s a need to use an external ADC, with a higher resolution than the Arduino’s 10-bit ADC. That’s the job of the HX710B.

Converting Voltage to Pressure

The HX710B is a 24-bit ADC that sends out pulses based on the voltage it reads. The higher the number of pulses within a specified frame, the higher the voltage measured. A 24-bit ADC can detect a voltage level as low as:

arduino pressure sensor - calculating pressure from voltage

In comparison, a 10-bit ADC, the Arduino’s ADC via the analog input, can detect:

The MPS20N0040D gives out a voltage output that is linearly proportional to the applied pressure in kilopascals.

MPS20N0040D voltage vs pressure - arduino pressure sensor

We can use this formula to convert the ADC output value to pressure in kilopascals.

For a 24-bit ADC like the HX710B, the equation becomes:

arduino pressure sensor formula

This is the equation used in the library to read the pressure in pascals.

For other units of pressure, we just use conversion factors:

Example Project: Liquid Level Sensor

It is possible for a pressure sensor to measure the current level of any liquid. Here's an example setup, where the KP610 device can be the MPS20N0040D pressure sensor (image from

Liquid level detection -

As the liquid level rises, the pressure inside the tube on the sensor increases. The height of the liquid is proportional to pressure with the formula:

where ρ is the density of the liquid, h is the liquid height and g is the acceleration due to gravity.

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